Alternating copolymers of hexafluoroisobutylene with vinyl trifluoroacetate and vinyl pentafluorobenzoate

Frantisek Mikes, Hongxiang Teng, Yasuhiro Koike, Yoshiyuki Okamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Copolymerizations of hexafluoroisobutylene (HFIB) with vinyl pentafluorobenzoate (VPFB) and vinyl trifluoroacetate (VTFA) were carried out in bulk using perfluorodibenzoyl peroxide as the radical initiator. The copolymers obtained were characterized by proton and fluorine NMR spectroscopy. The monomer reactivity ratios in the polymerization of HFIB with VPFB were r 1 (HFIB) = 0, r 2 (VPFB) = 0.373, and r 1r 2 = 0. The results indicated that these copolymers have alternating structures. Similarly, the copolymers of HFIB and VTFA also showed alternating structures. The films of HFIB-co-VPFB were prepared by casting THF solution of polymers. Films obtained were flexible and transparent. The refractive indices of copolymers were 1.4549, 1.4490, and 1.4438 at 532, 633, and 839 nm, respectively. The average T gs of HFIB-co-VTFA and HFIB-co-VPFB were 52 and 71 °C, respectively. From these results, the T g of the hypothetical HFIB homopolymer is postulated to be in between 70 and 90 °C, which may be useful in the assessment of T gs of HFIB copolymers with other vinyl monomers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4717-4720
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume50
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov 15

Keywords

  • alternating copolymer
  • copolymerization
  • fluoropolymers
  • monomer reactivity
  • synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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