Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) interaction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases. To clarify the involvement of Fas/FasL in the pathogenesis of intestinal inflammation, we investigated the preventive and therapeutic effects of neutralizing anti-FasL monoclonal antibody (MAb) on the development of chronic colitis induced by adaptive transfer of CD4+CD45RB high T cells to SCID mice. Administration of anti-FasL MAb from 1 day after T cell transfer (prevention study) resulted in a significant improvement of clinical manifestations such as wasting and diarrhea. However, histological examination showed that mucosal inflammation in the colon, such as infiltration of T cells and macrophages, was not improved by the anti-FasL MAb treatment. In vitro studies showed that anti-FasL MAb did not inhibit IFN-γ production by anti-CD3/CD28-stimulated lamina propria CD4 + T cells but suppressed TNF-α and IL-1β production by lamina propria mononuclear cells. Therapeutic administration of anti-FasL MAb from 3 wk after T cell transfer also improved ongoing wasting disease but not intestinal inflammation. These results suggest that the Fas/FasL interaction plays a critical role in regulating systemic wasting disease but not local intestinal inflammation.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Issue number||4 48-4|
|Publication status||Published - 2003 Oct 1|
- Crohn's disease
- Murine model
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)