Ammonia absorption from a bubble expanding at a submerged orifice into water

Koichi Terasaka, Junko Oka, Hideki Tsuge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate the mechanism of gas absorption from a bubble containing soluble and insoluble components, a gaseous mixture of ammonia and nitrogen was bubbled into water. The growth curve, volume, surface area and shape of the growing bubbles were measured with parameters such as inlet gas composition, gas flow rate and gas chamber volume. The bubble volume decreased with the increasing composition of ammonia in a bubble, decreasing gas chamber volume and decreasing gas flow rate. To reasonably express the mass transfer from the bulk of a gas in a bubble to the bulk of a liquid, the overall mass transfer resistance was evaluated by the mass transfers in the gas phase, interface and liquid phase. The non-spherical bubble formation model combined with the overall mass transfer resistance estimated well experimental bubble shape, bubble volume at its detachment from an orifice, growth rate and mass transfer rate. Moreover, the change of concentration with bubble growth time and the fractional absorption during bubble formation were simulated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3757-3765
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume57
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Absorption
  • Ammonia
  • Bubble formation
  • Dissolution
  • Dynamic simulation
  • Mass transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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