An adaptive-gain alpha-beta tracker combined with circular prediction for maneuvering target tracking

Tetsuya Kawase, Hideshi Tsurunosono, Naoki Ehara, Iwao Sasase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Tracking systems with phased-array antennas have used α-β filters. An α-β filter can reliably estimate the target position and velocity operation in real time. When the target maneuvers, the quality of the position and velocity estimates provided by an α-β filter degrades significantly. For tracking maneuvering targets, an α-β filter combined with circular prediction has been proposed. However, there is the problem that the estimates of the α-β filter combined with circular prediction are degraded when tracking maneuvering targets because the smoothed positions that are input to the circular prediction filter are adversely affected by increasing linear prediction errors. In this paper, we propose an adaptive-gain α-β tracker combined with circular prediction to improve tracking quality compared with conventional filters. The filter gain of our proposed scheme is variable by the use of a maneuver detector. Simulation results for various target profiles are included to compare the performance of our proposed scheme with that of conventional tracking filters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-29
Number of pages10
JournalElectronics and Communications in Japan, Part I: Communications (English translation of Denshi Tsushin Gakkai Ronbunshi)
Volume82
Issue number12 PART 1
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Dec

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Target tracking
Antenna phased arrays
Detectors

Keywords

  • α-β filter
  • Circular prediction
  • Maneuver detector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "An adaptive-gain alpha-beta tracker combined with circular prediction for maneuvering target tracking",
abstract = "Tracking systems with phased-array antennas have used α-β filters. An α-β filter can reliably estimate the target position and velocity operation in real time. When the target maneuvers, the quality of the position and velocity estimates provided by an α-β filter degrades significantly. For tracking maneuvering targets, an α-β filter combined with circular prediction has been proposed. However, there is the problem that the estimates of the α-β filter combined with circular prediction are degraded when tracking maneuvering targets because the smoothed positions that are input to the circular prediction filter are adversely affected by increasing linear prediction errors. In this paper, we propose an adaptive-gain α-β tracker combined with circular prediction to improve tracking quality compared with conventional filters. The filter gain of our proposed scheme is variable by the use of a maneuver detector. Simulation results for various target profiles are included to compare the performance of our proposed scheme with that of conventional tracking filters.",
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AU - Kawase, Tetsuya

AU - Tsurunosono, Hideshi

AU - Ehara, Naoki

AU - Sasase, Iwao

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N2 - Tracking systems with phased-array antennas have used α-β filters. An α-β filter can reliably estimate the target position and velocity operation in real time. When the target maneuvers, the quality of the position and velocity estimates provided by an α-β filter degrades significantly. For tracking maneuvering targets, an α-β filter combined with circular prediction has been proposed. However, there is the problem that the estimates of the α-β filter combined with circular prediction are degraded when tracking maneuvering targets because the smoothed positions that are input to the circular prediction filter are adversely affected by increasing linear prediction errors. In this paper, we propose an adaptive-gain α-β tracker combined with circular prediction to improve tracking quality compared with conventional filters. The filter gain of our proposed scheme is variable by the use of a maneuver detector. Simulation results for various target profiles are included to compare the performance of our proposed scheme with that of conventional tracking filters.

AB - Tracking systems with phased-array antennas have used α-β filters. An α-β filter can reliably estimate the target position and velocity operation in real time. When the target maneuvers, the quality of the position and velocity estimates provided by an α-β filter degrades significantly. For tracking maneuvering targets, an α-β filter combined with circular prediction has been proposed. However, there is the problem that the estimates of the α-β filter combined with circular prediction are degraded when tracking maneuvering targets because the smoothed positions that are input to the circular prediction filter are adversely affected by increasing linear prediction errors. In this paper, we propose an adaptive-gain α-β tracker combined with circular prediction to improve tracking quality compared with conventional filters. The filter gain of our proposed scheme is variable by the use of a maneuver detector. Simulation results for various target profiles are included to compare the performance of our proposed scheme with that of conventional tracking filters.

KW - α-β filter

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