An Alternative Estimation Method of a Time-Varying Parameter Model

Mikio Ito, Akihiko Noda, Tatsuma Wada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A non-Bayesian, regression-based or generalized least squares (GLS)-based approach is formally proposed to estimate a class of time-varying AR parameter models. This approach has partly been used by Ito et al. (2014, 2016a,b), and is proven to be efficient because, unlike conventional methods, it does not require Kalman filtering and smoothing procedures, but yields a smoothed estimate that is identical to the Kalman-smoothed estimate. Unlike the maximum likelihood estimator, the possibility of the pile-up problem is negligible. In addition, this approach enables us to deal with stochastic volatility models, models with a time-dependent variance-covariance matrix, and models with non-Gaussian errors that allow us to deal with abrupt changes or structural breaks in time-varying parameters.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 21


  • Generalized Least Squares
  • Kalman Filter; Non-Bayesian Time-Varying Model
  • Vector Autoregressive Model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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