Single-cell RNA sequencing has enabled researchers to quantify the transcriptomes of individual cells, infer cell types and investigate differential expression among cell types, which will lead to a better understanding of the regulatory mechanisms of cell states. Transcript diversity caused by phenomena such as aberrant splicing events have been revealed, and differential expression of previously unannotated transcripts might be overlooked by annotation-based analyses. Accordingly, we have developed an approach to discover overlooked differentially expressed (DE) gene regions that complements annotation-based methods. Our algorithm decomposes mapped count data matrix for a gene region using non-negative matrix factorization, quantifies the differential expression level based on the decomposed matrix, and compares the differential expression level based on annotation-based approach to discover previously unannotated DE transcripts. We performed single-cell RNA sequencing for human neural stem cells and applied our algorithm to the dataset. We also applied our algorithm to two public single-cell RNA sequencing datasets correspond to mouse ES and primitive endoderm cells, and human preimplantation embryos. As a result, we discovered several intriguing DE transcripts, including a transcript related to the modulation of neural stem/progenitor cell differentiation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Applied Mathematics