Purpose To assess the outcomes of our technique involving oblique headless compression screw for arthrodesis of the thumb interphalangeal joint and the distal interphalangeal joints of the other digits. Methods A total of 28 joints (19 thumb interphalangeal and 9 distal interphalangeal) in 23 patients with a mean age of 65 years (range, 58-74 y) were retrospectively analyzed. All operations were performed with the Acutrak2 micro-screw. After the resection of synovium and joint cartilage by a dorsal approach, a 0.88-mm diameter guide wire was inserted at the ulnar side of the proximal phalanx in the thumb and radial side of the middle phalanx in the other digits from proximal to distal to fix the joint obliquely. We verified its position under fluoroscopic control and placed the cannulated screw from proximal to distal over the guide wire. Results Intraoperative rigid fixation was obtained except for 1 case, which required additional K-wire fixation. The overall union rate was 96%. Average time to fusion was 11 weeks (range, 8-30 wk), with 76% achieving union within 3 months. There were 2 complications, 1 nonunion and 1 late infection. Other complications such as dorsal skin necrosis, nail deformity, and paresthesia did not occur. Conclusions Efforts to avoid invasion of the nailbed can be technically demanding. We believe that our proximal to distal technique with oblique placement of the headless compression screw is a straightforward and effective method with a relatively low risk of complication. Type of study/level of evidence Therapeutic IV.
- distal interphalangeal joint
- headless compression screw
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine