This study assessed the effectiveness and safety of growth hormone (GH; Humatrope®) therapy in Japanese children with GH deficiency (GHD) or Turner syndrome (TS) enrolled in the Genetics and Neuroendocrinology of Short Stature International Study (GeNeSIS). GeNeSIS is an open-label, multinational, multicenter, observational study conducted in 30 countries. In this interim report, there were 1129 GH treatment-naïve children with GHD, with a mean chronological age (± standard deviation) of 8.75 (3.32) years, and 90 girls with TS, with a mean chronological age of 8.93 (3.67) years. The mean height standard deviation score (SDS) increased from -2.73 (0.63) SD and -2.71 (0.63) SD at study entry to -2.22 (0.68) SD and -2.20 (0.60) SD after 1 year of treatment in the GHD and TS groups, respectively. In both groups, mean height SDS increased further with each year of treatment to 4 years; however, the magnitude of change in height SDS declined with time. The mean insulin-like growth factor-I SDS increased from below the mean of the reference population at study entry to a level similar to (GHD group) or higher than (TS group) the mean of the reference population during the 4-year treatment period. The incidence of serious adverse events (AEs), treatment-related AEs, and AEs related to glucose intolerance was low in both groups (0.1% to 3.0%). In conclusion, GH treatment in Japanese children with GHD or TS resulted in increased growth over a 4-year treatment period with a favorable safety profile; however, the improvements in growth declined with time.
- Growth hormone
- Growth hormone deficiency
- Turner syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism