Analysis of diffusion-weighted mr images based on a gamma distribution model to differentiate prostate cancers with different gleason score

Hiroko Tomita, Shigeyoshi Soga, Yohsuke Suyama, Keiichi Ito, Tomohiko Asano, Hiroshi Shinmoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Prostate cancer management includes identification of clinically significant cancers that may require curative treatment. Statistical models based on gamma distribution can describe diffusion signal decay curves of prostate cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of parameters obtained with the gamma model in differentiating prostate cancers with different Gleason score values. Methods: This study included 155 patients with prostate cancer who underwent multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging prior to prostate biopsy (127 patients) or radical prostatectomy (28 patients) between January 2015 and June 2017; 159 foci of prostate cancer were included in our study. We compared cases scored as Gleason score (GS) 3 + 3 and GS ≥ 3 + 4, and analyzed cases scored as GS ≤ 3+ 4 and GS ≥ 4 + 3 based on the gamma model (Frac < 1.0, Frac < 0.8, Frac < 0.5, Frac < 0.3, and Frac > 3.0), and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). Results: Among 159 cancerous lesions in 155 patients, 13 (8.2%) were GS 3 + 3 prostate cancers, 51 (32.0%) were GS 3 + 4 prostate cancers, 30 (18.2%) were GS 4 + 3 cancers, and 65 (40.9%) were GS ≥ 4 + 4 cancers. Frac < 0.3, Frac < 0.5, Frac < 0.8, and Frac < 1.0 were significantly higher and ADC values were significantly lower in GS ≥ 4 + 3 cancers than in GS ≤ 3 + 4 cancers (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P = 0.01, and P < 0.01, respectively). With receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, Frac < 0.3 and Frac < 0.5 had significantly greater area under the ROC curve for discriminating GS ≥ 4 + 3 cancers from GS ≤ 3 + 4 cancers than ADC (P = 0.03, P < 0.01, respectively). Conclusion: Frac < 0.3 and Frac < 0.5 showed higher diagnostic performance than ADC for differentiating GS ≥ 4 + 3 from GS ≤ 3 + 4 cancers. The gamma model may add additional value in discrimination of tumor grades.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-47
Number of pages8
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apparent diffusion coefficient
  • Gamma model
  • Gleason score
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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