The gene DSCR4 locates in the band q22.2 of human chromosome 21 and encodes a protein of 118 amino acids. Expression of DSCR4 is restricted to human placenta and placental choriocarcinoma cell lines BeWo and JEG3. The 5′-RACE method using RNA from human placenta indicated the major transcription start site at 93 nt upstream (nt - 93) of the initiation codon. Transfection assay using a series of deletion constructs of the 5′-flanking region fused to the luciferase reporter gene identified three positive regions nt - 2200 to - 2088, nt - 2064 to - 1924, nt - 810 to - 632 and two negative regions nt - 1923 to - 1740, nt - 631 to - 425. The computer analysis predicted the presence of several cis-elements in these regions and the promoter assay using various mutants of consensus sequence identified two distinct cis-elements for OLF-1 and E47. The electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) using the extracts of DSCR4-expressing cells confirmed the binding of certain protein factors to these cis-elements. In fact, OLF-1-like transcription factor, EBF-3 and EBF-4 were detected in the DSCR4-expressing cell lines and human placenta. Based on these data, we postulated that transcription of DSCR4 gene is regulated positively by binding of OLF-1-like transcription factor and negatively by binding of E47-like transcription factor.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Regulatory Mechanisms|
|Publication status||Published - 2008 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology