Analysis on Origin Recognition Complex containing Orc5p with defective Walker A Motif

Naoko Takahashi, Yoshihiro Yamaguchi, Fumiko Yamairi, Masaki Makise, Hitomi Takenaka, Tomofusa Tsuchiya, Tohru Mizushima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Orc5p is one of six proteins that make up the origin recognition complex (ORC), a candidate initiator of chromosomal DNA replication in eukaryotes. To investigate the role of ATP binding to Orc5p in cells, we constructed orc5-A, a strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae having a mutation in the Walker A motif of Orc5p (K43E). The strain showed temperature-sensitive growth. Incubation at a nonpermissive temperature (37°C) caused accumulation of cells with nearly 2C DNA content. Overproduction of Orc4p, another subunit of ORC, suppresses this temperature sensitivity, but overproduction of other subunits did not. Overproduction of Orc4p did not suppress the temperature sensitivity of another orc5 mutant, orc5-1, whose mutation, L331P, is outside the ATP-binding motif. These results suggest that Orc4p is specifically involved in ATP binding to Orc5p itself or its function in DNA replication. Immunoblotting experiments revealed that in the orc5-A strain at a nonpermissive temperature, all ORC subunits gradually disappeared, suggesting that ORC5-A becomes degraded at nonpermissive temperatures. We therefore consider that ATP binding to Orc5p is involved in efficient ORC formation and that Orc4p is involved in this process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8469-8477
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb 27

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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