The gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract. Its clinical course ranges widely from a curable disorder to a highly malignant disease. Although its clinical and molecular characteristics depend on the anatomic site of origin, the molecular background of GIST arising in different anatomical site has not been studied yet. To investigate the proteomic background of GIST, we examined the proteomic features corresponding to the anatomic site of tumor origin. Comparison of the proteomic profile of gastric (23 cases) and small intestinal (9 cases) GIST by 2-DE revealed 105 protein spots with significantly different intensity (p <0.01) between the two groups.Mass spectrometric study identified 68 distinct proteins for these 105 protein spots, including cancer-associated ones such as prohibit in, pigment epithelium-derived factor, and alpha-actinin 4. The intensity of 37/105 (35.2%) protein spots was significantly concordant with the corresponding mRNA levels (p <0.01). Although both 2-D DIGE and microarray experiments showed significant up-regulation of vimentin expression in small intestinal GIST, Western blotting did not show a significant difference between the two groups. In conclusion, our study demonstrates the proteins specially expressed in GIST depending on their site of origin, as well as the unique advantage offered by use of proteomics to acquire such data. The identified proteins may provide clues to understanding the different characteristics of GIST depending on their site of origin.
- 2-D DIGE
- Anatomic site
- Gastrointestinal stromal tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry