Anesthetic management of a patient with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome undergoing video-assisted bullectomy

Satoshi Ideno, Eiki Hatori, Junzo Takeda, Hiroshi Morisaki

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract The Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a rare set of disorders characterized by oculocutaneous albinism, bleeding diathesis, and pulmonary fibrosis, with the latter 2 conditions presenting major challenges in anesthetic management. We report a 53-year-old woman with pulmonary fibrosis secondary to HPS who underwent video-assisted bullectomy to treat recurrent pneumothorax. Preoperative bleeding time and platelet count were within normal limits, but the surgeons had difficulty with continuous oozing from the incision site; the surgical blood loss was 270 mL, which was a relatively large amount for this surgery. Because of her restrictive lung disease, the patient's tidal volume was only 250 mL under pressure-controlled ventilation, with a peak inspiratory pressure of 30 cm H2O and a positive end-expiratory pressure of 5 cm H2O. She also had postoperative respiratory insufficiency, with a partial pressure of arterial CO2 of 112 mm Hg and a pH of 7.08 on arterial blood gas analysis. Then, the patient needed mechanical ventilation for 4 days. In conclusion, patients with HPS require strict respiratory management to support their restrictive pulmonary dysfunction, and, also, we should consider preventive management for hemostasis and adequate analgesia to reduce the patient's work of breathing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7879
Pages (from-to)243-246
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Anesthesia
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 1

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Keywords

  • Bleeding diathesis
  • Bullectomy
  • General anesthesia
  • Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome
  • Pneumothorax
  • Pulmonary fibrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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