Anodic stripping voltammetry of inorganic species of As3+ and As5+ at gold-modified boron doped diamond electrodes

Daisuke Yamada, Tribidasari A. Ivandini, Motoharu Komatsu, Akira Fujishima, Yasuaki Einaga

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62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrochemical detection of mixture solutions of As3+ and As5+ has been investigated by stripping voltammetry at gold-modified diamond electrodes. The method was performed based on stripping oxidation of As0 deposited at the electrode surface. Whereas As3+ can be deposited by simple electrochemical reduction of As3+ to As0 at -0.4 V (vs. Ag/AgCl), much higher potential is required to overcome the activation energy of As5+ reduction. However, in such a high potential, hydrogen evolution also occurs. Consequently, one more step should be added to release the hydrogen gas adsorbed at the electrode surface during the reduction step. During the deposition of As5+, As3+ species was also simultaneously deposited. Therefore, to differentiate As3+ and As5+ quantification in a mixture solution, both stripping voltammetry methods should be performed and calculated mathematically. Comparison of stripping voltammograms of both methods for As3+ solution in the absence of As5+ demonstrated similar peak shapes and current intensities, confirming that error calculation of As5+ concentration in the mixture solution with As3+ can be avoided. Good linear responses were observed for each standard solution of As3+ and As5+. Linear calibration curve could also be achieved for a series concentrations of 100-1000 ppb As5+ in a mixture solution with 100 ppb As3+ (r2 = 0.99) and for a series concentrations of 5-30 ppb As3+ in a mixture solution with 100 ppb As5+. Detection limits of 5 and 100 ppb can be achieved for As3+ and As5+ in a mixture solution, respectively. The reproducibility was shown for stripping voltammetry of As3+ and As5+ with an RSD (n = 8) of 7.5% and 8.4%, respectively. Good stability of gold-modified diamond electrodes before and after arsenic detection was also evaluated by SEM image. Application of the method for real sample analysis was performed for arsenic detection in Yokohama tap water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-153
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume615
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr 15

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Keywords

  • Diamond electrodes
  • Differentiation method
  • Gold
  • Stripping voltammetry
  • Total inorganic arsenic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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