Anomalous effects of dense matter under rotation

Xu Guang Huang, Kentaro Nishimura, Naoki Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study the anomaly induced effects of dense baryonic matter under rotation. We derive the anomalous terms that account for the chiral vortical effect in the low-energy effective theory for light Nambu-Goldstone modes. The anomalous terms lead to new physical consequences, such as the anomalous Hall energy current and spontaneous generation of angular momentum in a magnetic field (or spontaneous magnetization by rotation). In particular, we show that, due to the presence of such anomalous terms, the ground state of the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) under sufficiently fast rotation becomes the “chiral soliton lattice” of neutral pions that has lower energy than the QCD vacuum and nuclear matter. We briefly discuss the possible realization of the chiral soliton lattice induced by a fast rotation in noncentral heavy ion collisions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number69
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Volume2018
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1

Fingerprint

quantum chromodynamics
solitary waves
ionic collisions
energy
pions
angular momentum
anomalies
magnetization
vacuum
ground state
magnetic fields

Keywords

  • Effective Field Theories
  • Phase Diagram of QCD
  • Topological States of Matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Anomalous effects of dense matter under rotation. / Huang, Xu Guang; Nishimura, Kentaro; Yamamoto, Naoki.

In: Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, No. 2, 69, 01.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Huang, Xu Guang ; Nishimura, Kentaro ; Yamamoto, Naoki. / Anomalous effects of dense matter under rotation. In: Journal of High Energy Physics. 2018 ; Vol. 2018, No. 2.
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