Antiperistaltic effect and safety of L-menthol sprayed on the gastric mucosa for upper GI endoscopy: A phase III, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study

Naoki Hiki, Michio Kaminishi, Kenjiro Yasuda, Noriya Uedo, Hajime Honjo, Nobuyuki Matsuhashi, Takashi Hiratsuka, Chuichi Sekine, Sachiyo Nomura, Naohisa Yahagi, Hisao Tajiri, Hiroaki Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)


Background: GI peristalsis during GI endoscopy commonly requires intravenous or intramuscular injection of antispasmodic agents, which sometimes cause unexpected adverse reactions. Objective: Our ultimate goal was to evaluate whether the antiperistaltic effect of L-menthol-based preparations facilitates endoscopic examinations in a clinical setting. Design: Multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Setting: Six Japanese referral centers. Patients and Intervention: A total of 87 patients scheduled to undergo upper GI endoscopy were randomly assigned to receive 160 mg of L-menthol (n = 45) or placebo (n = 42). Both treatments were sprayed endoscopically on the gastric mucosa. The degree of gastric peristalsis was assessed by an independent committee. Main Outcome Measurements: The proportion of subjects with no peristalsis 90 to 135 seconds after administration and at the end of the endoscopic examination (complete suppression of gastric peristalsis). Other outcomes were the proportion of subjects with no or mild peristalsis (adequate suppression of gastric peristalsis) and the ease of intragastric observation as evaluated by the endoscopist who performed the procedure. Results: Gastric peristalsis was completely suppressed in 35.6% (21.9, 51.2) of the L-menthol group compared with only 7.1% (1.5, 19.5) of the placebo group (P < .001). In the L-menthol group, 77.8% (62.9, 88.8) (35/45 subjects) of the subjects had no or mild peristalsis at the completion of endoscopy. Minor peristalsis interfered with intragastric examination in only 1 of these 35 patients (2.9%). The incidence of adverse events did not differ significantly between the groups (P = .512). Limitation: Small sample size. Conclusions: During upper GI endoscopy, L-menthol sprayed on the gastric mucosa significantly suppresses peristalsis with minimal adverse drug reactions compared with placebo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)932-941
Number of pages10
JournalGastrointestinal Endoscopy
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 1


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this