We synthesized a potent new antitumor podophyllotoxin derivative (4β- aminoalkyl-4'-O-demethyl-4-desoxypodophyllotoxin; TOP-53) in our search for a drug that has strong activity against lung cancer and lung metastatic cancer. TOP-53 exhibited twice the inhibitory activity of etoposide (VP-16) against topoisomerase II and induced DNA strand breaks but showed no inhibitory activity against tubulin polymerization. The in vitro cytotoxic activity of TOP-53 assessed as IC50 was 0.016-0.37 μg/ml and 0.26-8.9 μg/ml against murine tumor and human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines, respectively. TOP-53 exerted significant efficacy equivalent to that of VP- 16 on s.c.-implanted murine solid tumors (Colon 26, B16-BL6, and Lewis lung carcinoma) at doses 3-5 times lower than that of VP-16. In human tumor xenografts using NSCLC, TOP-53 was active for four of five tumors, whereas VP-16 was active for two of five tumors. Potent inhibitory activity of TOP- 53 was also found against a lung tumor (Lewis lung carcinoma) and four lung metastatic tumors (NL-22 and NL-17 colon cancer, UV2237M fibrosarcoma, and K1735M2 melanoma). TOP-53 appeared to be more active against four of them than VP-16. Thus, TOP-53 is not only active against s.c.-implanted lung cancers but also strongly active against lung localized tumor and metastatic tumors in the lungs. The high selectivity of TOP-53 was attributed to its high distribution into the lung and its persistence. TOP-53 is expected to be highly effective against lung cancer including NSCLC and various lung metastatic tumors in the clinical field.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1996 Jun 15|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research