Antitumor effects of novel highly hydrophilic and non-ATP-competitive MEK1/2 inhibitor, SMK-17

Masaki Kiga, Fumie Tanzawa, Shiho Iwasaki, Fumi Inaba, Kosaku Fujiwara, Hayato Iwadare, Tomoki Echigo, Yuji Nakamura, Tomoyuki Shibata, Kanae Suzuki, Isao Yasumatsu, Ayako Nakayama, Yukiko Sasazawa, Etsu Tashiro, Masaya Imoto, Shinichi Kurakata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathway plays a central role in regulating tumor cell proliferation, survival, and differentiation. The components of this pathway, Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK, are frequently activated in human cancers. Targeting this pathway is considered to be a promising anticancer strategy. In particular, MEK is an attractive drug target because of its high selectivity to ERK. We can expect potent growth inhibitory and proapoptotic effects by inhibiting MEK. Here, we report derivatives of N-[2-(2-chloro-4-iodo- phenylamino)-3,4-difluorophenyl]-methanesulfonamide as novel MEK1/2 inhibitors. Among these compounds, we found SMK-17 to be a potent MEK1/2 inhibitor with high aqueous solubility. The in-silico docking study suggested that SMK-17 is bound to an allosteric pocket of MEK1. The kinetic study and the kinase profiler analysis confirmed the allosteric nature of SMK-17. SMK-17 inhibited MEK1 kinase activity in a non-ATP-competitive manner and it was highly selective to MEK1 and 2. SMK-17 inhibited the growth of tumor cell lines in vitro. Especially, it seemed that cell lines harboring highly phosphorylated MEK1/2 and ERK1/2 were highly sensitive to SMK-17. Moreover, unlike previously reported MEK inhibitors, PD184352 or U0126, SMK-17 did not inhibit the phosphorylation of ERK5. In vivo, SMK-17 exhibited potent antitumor activity in animal models on oral administration. SMK-17 selectively blocked the MAPK pathway signaling without affecting other signal pathways, which resulted in significant antitumor efficacy without notable side effects. These findings suggest that SMK-17, an exquisitely selective, orally available MEK1/2 inhibitor, is a useful chemical biology tool for characterizing the function of MEK/MAPK signaling both in vitro and in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-130
Number of pages12
JournalAnti-Cancer Drugs
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 1

Keywords

  • allosteric inhibition
  • antitumor activities
  • cell cycle arrest
  • kinase inhibitor
  • xenograft model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Cancer Research

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  • Cite this

    Kiga, M., Tanzawa, F., Iwasaki, S., Inaba, F., Fujiwara, K., Iwadare, H., Echigo, T., Nakamura, Y., Shibata, T., Suzuki, K., Yasumatsu, I., Nakayama, A., Sasazawa, Y., Tashiro, E., Imoto, M., & Kurakata, S. (2012). Antitumor effects of novel highly hydrophilic and non-ATP-competitive MEK1/2 inhibitor, SMK-17. Anti-Cancer Drugs, 23(1), 119-130. https://doi.org/10.1097/CAD.0b013e32834c6a33