Anxiety and depression levels measured using a hospital anxiety and depression scale in patients with an otolaryngological disorder

Fumiyuki Goto, Tomoko Tsutumi, Kaoru Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Anxiety and depression are closely related to mental and physical disease prognosis. This makes it important to know anxiety and depression levels in patients with physical or mental disorders who visited the department of otorhinolaryngology. We evaluated the anxiety and depression levels in such patients using a hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS). Methods: Subjects were 67 individuals whose degree of anxiety and depression was decided on HADS. Subjects were then divided into 4 groups-group I, no anxiety or depression; group II, depression alone, group III, anxiety alone, and group IV, both anxiety and depression. We then looked at the relationship between these results and their major perceived problems. Results: Groups I had 39 subjects II 7, III 8, and IV 13. Anxiety and depression were correlated (r= 0. 56; p<0. 0001). 90% of subjects reported dizziness, tinnitus, or throat discomfort. Those with throat discomfort had the highest anxiety score, while those with anxiety most commonly reported dizziness. Conclusions: Our results suggest that subjects may have anxiety and/or depression. The evaluation of anxiety and depression based on physical complaints may be difficult for otorhinolaryngologists, but it is important to do so where possible to increase the focus on the subject's physical illness and perceived problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1071-1075
Number of pages5
JournalPractica Oto-Rhino-Laryngologica
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec



  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Hospital anxiety and depression scale
  • Otorhinolaryngology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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