Apoptosis induced in human cell lines by a butanol extract from Chlorophytum comosum roots

Hirohisa Matsushita, Hiroaki Kuwabara, Satoko Ishikawa, Masataka Mochizuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


The antiprolife native effects of a n-butanol extract from Chlorophytum comosum (C. comosum) (spider plant) roots was tested in vitro against four human cell lines: HeLa, CCRF-HSB-2, HL-60 and U937 cells. The extract was found to have cell antiproliferative effects against HeLa, CCRF-HSB-2, HL-60 and U937 cell lines, with an IC50 value of 6.6, 5.4,8.7 and 10.2 μg/ml, respectively. The dying cells showed characteristics of apoptosis, such as DNA fragmentation, as assessed by DNA electrophoresis analysis and the Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated biotin dUTP Nick End-Labeling (TUNEL) method. These results indicate that extract from C. comosum roots can induce apoptosis in human cell lines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-345
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Health Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005



  • Apoptosis
  • CCRF-HSB-2
  • Chlorophytum comosum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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