Approaches to neural stem cells and cancer cells based on natural products

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have developed "protein- and cell-based screen methods" for the isolation of new natural products. By using VDR (vitamin D receptor) immobilized magnetic beads, two new natural products were isolated rapidly. To find inhibitors of Hes1 protein, which is one of the important transcriptional factors in neural stem cells, a Hes1 dimer plate assay was developed, and then first Hes1 dimer inhibitors were found from our natural products library. As a "cell-based screen method," a reporter gene assay for screening Hh (hedgehog) signaling inhibitors was constructed. New Hh signaling inhibitors were isolated from our natural extracts library. We evaluated their Hh inhibitory activity in Hh related protein synthesis and cytotoxicity against cancers, in which Hh signaling is aberrantly activated. In addition to the naturally made compounds library (extracts library), "small molecules based on natural products" were synthesized. The total synthesis of Melleumin A, B, which were isolated by our group, was achieved. From their synthetic derivatives, inhibitors of the Wnt signal, which has been reported to cause colon cancers, were discovered. Moreover, flavanone and chromone were selected as natural product scaffolds. Many flavonoids and chromones with diverse heterocyclic units were constructed using our efficient synthetic method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-426
Number of pages10
JournalChemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 8
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cancer cell
  • Hedgehog signaling
  • Natural product
  • Neural stem cell
  • Protein magnetic bead
  • Wnt signaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Drug Discovery

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