Are clinical outcomes affected by laminoplasty method and K-line in patients with cervical ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament? A multicenter study

Nan Li, Sai Ma, Fangfang Duan, Yi Wei, Da He, Narihito Nagoshi, Kota Watanabe, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Hyeongseok Jeon, J. J. Lee, Keung Nyun Kim, Yoon Ha, Kenny Kwan, A. K.P. Cheung, Aaron Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Open-door laminoplasty (ODL) and French-door laminoplasty (FDL) are the main laminoplasty techniques used to treat cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (C-OPLL). However, few studies have compared the outcomes of ODL and modified FDL (mFDL) for C-OPLL. We explored the differences in outcomes between ODL and mFDL for C-OPLL and analyzed the technical efficacy of each procedure in patients with K-line (+) or (−) C-OPLL. Methods: From January 2010 to December 2015, 202 patients with K-line (+) or (−) C-OPLL were retrospectively recruited from 4 institutions. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, JOA score recovery rate, operative time, blood loss, and complications. Univariate analysis and binary logistic regression models were adjusted for confounding factors. Results: Two hundred patients (mFDL, n = 69; ODL, n = 131) with a median follow-up of 42 months (range 36–54 months) were included. The postoperative JOA score significantly improved in both groups (P < 0.05). After adjusting for confounding factors, there was a statistically significant difference in blood loss (≥ 300 mL) between the two groups (P = 0.005), but there was no significant difference in the postoperative JOA score (≥ 14) (P = 0.062), JOA score recovery rate (≥ 0.82) (P = 0.187), or operative time (≥ 90 min) (P = 0.925). C5 palsy tended to occur more often in the mFDL group, although the difference was not significant (P > 0.05). The stratified analysis of the K-line status showed more blood loss in K-line (+) patients who underwent mFDL, but there was no significant difference in the postoperative JOA score, JOA score recovery rate, or operative time between the ODL and mFDL groups. Additionally, there was no significant difference in blood loss, postoperative JOA score, JOA score recovery rate, or operative time among all patients with K-line (+) or (−) C-OPLL in both groups. Conclusions: Both ODL and mFDL are effective for patients with C-OPLL. However, more blood loss tends to occur during mFDL. This study showed no significant difference in the operative time or incidence of complications between the two techniques. The efficacy of ODL and mFDL was not affected by the K-line status (+ or −) in patients with C-OPLL.

Original languageEnglish
Article number513
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Keywords

  • French-door
  • K-line
  • Laminoplasty
  • Open-door
  • Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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