Aromatic Azide Transformation on the Ag(111) Surface Studied by Scanning Probe Microscopy

Jack Hellerstedt, Aleš Cahlík, Oleksander Stetsovych, Martin Švec, Tomoko K. Shimizu, Pingo Mutombo, Jiří Klívar, Irena G. Stará, Pavel Jelínek, Ivo Starý

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Chemical transformation of 9-azidophenanthrene on the Ag(111) surface was studied by nc-AFM in UHV. High-resolution imaging supported by first-principle calculations revealed the structure of the final products that originated from a common and elusive 9-phenanthryl nitrenoid intermediate chemisorbed on the Ag(111) surface. A formal nitrene insertion into the C−H bond along with its dimerisation and hydrogenation were identified as main reaction channels. Thus, the ability of aryl azides to form covalent σ- and π-bonds between their transformation products on a solid surface was demonstrated at a single-molecule level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2266-2271
Number of pages6
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 18
Externally publishedYes


  • azides
  • density functional calculations
  • on-surface chemistry
  • scanning probe microscopy
  • silver surface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)


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