Article mechanical property of polypropylene gels associated with that of molten polypropylenes

Tetsu Ouchi, Misuzu Yamazaki, Tomoki Maeda, Atsushi Hotta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims to understand the fundamental mechanical relationship between polypropy-lene (PP)-gels and solid PPs without solvent through mechanical and thermal analyses, by which the mechanical similarities between molten PPs and PP gels were found, leading to the reliable estimate of the mechanical properties of semi-crystalline gels. The gelation of syndiotactic and isotactic polypropylenes (sPP and iPP) was found when PPs were dissolved in 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene (tetralin). Interestingly, it was found that the storage modulus of sPP-gel became higher than that of iPP-gel at low PP concentration (<~40 wt%). The result was distinctly different from the result of neat solid PPs (without solvent), where the modulus of solid sPP is generally significantly lower than that of solid iPP. Such inversion behavior in the mechanical property of semi-crystalline gels had not been reported and discussed before. By further investigation of the storage moduli of neat sPP and iPP, it was found that the storage modulus of sPP became higher than that of iPP above the melting points of PP, which was similar to the behavior of the storage moduli observed in the diluted PP-gels. Such similarity between PP-gels and PP melts was also observed within iPP samples with different molecular weights.

Original languageEnglish
Article number99
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sept


  • Gel
  • Isotactic polypropylene
  • Melt
  • Syndiotactic polypropylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics


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