Aspergillus precipitating antibody in patients with Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease: A cross-sectional study

Shoji Suzuki, Takanori Asakura, Ho Namkoong, Satoshi Okamori, Kazuma Yagi, Hirofumi Kamata, Yoshifumi Uwamino, Yohei Funatsu, Yasushi Nakano, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Makoto Ishii, Tamotsu Ebihara, Tomoko Betsuyaku, Naoki Hasegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rationale: Little is known about the role of Aspergillus precipitating antibody (APAb) in patients with Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease (MAC-LD). Objectives: We investigated the clinical characteristics of patients with MAC-LD positive for APAb. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study targeting patients with MAC-LD. APAb was checked in all participants. Clinical variables included laboratory data, pulmonary function, high-resolution computed tomography findings, and health-related quality of life. Results: We analyzed 109 consecutive patients. Their median age was 68 years, and the median duration of MAC-LD was 4.8 years. Twenty (18.3%) patients tested positive for APAb. APAb-positive patients had significantly longer duration of MAC-LD (9.4 vs. 4.0 years, P = 0.017), more severe bronchiectasis evaluated by modified Reiff score (6.5 vs. 4, P = 0.0049), and lower forced expiratory volume in 1 s (%FEV1) (75.1% vs. 86.2%, P = 0.013) than APAb-negative patients. Analysis of covariance adjusted for background factors and underlying pulmonary disease revealed that %FEV1 was also significantly lower in patients with APAb (P = 0.045). Ten patients were newly diagnosed with chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (N = 5) or allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (N = 5). Conclusions: APAb is associated with lower pulmonary function, and observed especially in patients with longer duration of MAC-LD and severe bronchiectasis, even in the absence of cavitary lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalRespiratory Medicine
Volume138
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May

Keywords

  • Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA)
  • Aspergillus precipitating antibody
  • Bronchiectasis
  • Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA)
  • Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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