Assessment of physical inactivity and locomotor dysfunction in adults with visual impairment

Sachiko Inoue, Motoko Kawashima, Yoshimune Hiratsuka, Tadashi Nakano, Hiroshi Tamura, Koichi Ono, Akira Murakami, Kazuo Tsubota, Masakazu Yamada

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Abstract

To evaluate the association between vision-related quality of life (QoL), physical inactivity, and locomotor dysfunction in subjects with visual impairment.This cross-sectional study included 215 visually impaired subjects recruited from six ophthalmology departments in Japan. The physical inactivity and locomotor dysfunction associated with their visual impairment was investigated. The physical activity level was assessed using the short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and classified as high, moderate, or low. Locomotor function was evaluated with the Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale. Vision-related QoL was evaluated using the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire. Background data, including for age, sex, best-corrected visual acuity for each eye, causative eye diseases, systemic comorbidities, and body mass index, were also collected.The average patient age was 69.6 (range, 20–93 years; standard deviation, 14.5 years) and 118 patients (54.9%) were men. Multivariate analysis showed that vision-related QoL and best-corrected visual acuity in the worse eye were significantly associated with physical inactivity and that vision-related QoL, female sex, age, and presence of systemic comorbidity were significantly associated with locomotor dysfunction. Vision-related quality of life is associated with physical inactivity and locomotor dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12032
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

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Inoue, S., Kawashima, M., Hiratsuka, Y., Nakano, T., Tamura, H., Ono, K., Murakami, A., Tsubota, K., & Yamada, M. (2018). Assessment of physical inactivity and locomotor dysfunction in adults with visual impairment. Scientific Reports, 8(1), [12032]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-30599-z