Association among extracellular superoxide dismutase genotype, plasma concentration, and comorbidity in the very old and centenarians

Takashi Sasaki, Yukiko Abe, Michiyo Takayama, Tetsuo Adachi, Hideyuki Okano, Nobuyoshi Hirose, Yasumichi Arai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Superoxide dismutase 3 (SOD3), an antioxidant enzyme, is known as extracellular SOD (EC-SOD) because it is the predominant form in extracellular fluids. The diversity of plasma EC-SOD concentration is associated with the SOD3 p.R231G missense variant genotype. To clarify the association among SOD3 genotype, plasma EC-SOD concentration, and comorbidity in Oldest Old, we analyzed genome-wide associations with plasma EC-SOD concentration and associations between EC-SOD concentration and medical history classified by the SOD3 genotype in the Very Old (85–99 years old, n = 505) and Centenarians (over 100 years old, n = 595). The results revealed that SOD3 p.R231G was the most significant variant associated with plasma EC-SOD concentration. Although no significant difference was observed in medical histories between the SOD3 p.R231G variant non-carriers and carriers, higher EC-SOD concentration in plasma of SOD3 p.R231G variant non-carriers was associated with a high odds ratio for chronic kidney disease (OR = 2.70, 95% CI = 1.98–3.72) and low odds ratio for diabetes mellitus (DM) (OR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.39–0.95). Comparison with 11 plasma biomarkers for age-related disease showed that plasma EC-SOD concentration correlated with adiponectin and estimated glomerular filtration rate with creatinine correction; therefore, we deduced that EC-SOD co-operates with adiponectin and possesses beneficial functions for DM in the Oldest Old.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8539
JournalScientific reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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