Objectives Some intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) have malignant potential and can become pancreatic cancer. The mechanism behind the malignant progression of IPMN remains unknown. We aimed to identify the risk factors and interactions between backgrounds for IPMN. Methods We retrospectively enrolled 980 patients of pancreatic cancer or suspected IPMN (sIPMN) who underwent endoscopic ultrasound or retrograde cholangiopancreatography. We classified them into pancreatic cancer, high-risk sIPMN, and low-risk sIPMN, and investigated the risk factors for high-risk sIPMN. Results Smoking habits (odds ratio [OR], 3.74; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.04-6.85; P < 0.001), serum carbohydrate antigen 19-9 ≥37 U/mL (OR, 6.30; 95% CI, 2.88-13.80; P < 0.001), and family history of cancers (OR, 2.38; 95% CI, 1.30-4.37; P = 0.005) were independent risk factors for high-risk suspected IPMN. Odds ratios of diabetes and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio of 2.45 or greater were significantly higher in patients with a family history of cancer than those without a family history of cancer (OR, 3.28; 95% CI, 0.52-20.80 vs 1.85; 95% CI, 0.78-4.41; OR, 2.44; 95% CI, 0.81-7.34 vs 1.24; 95% CI, 0.67-2.30, respectively). Conclusions Understanding the interactions between background factors can effectively prevent IPMNs' malignant transformation.
- family history
- neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio
- pancreatic neoplasms
- risk factors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism