Background: Intracranial solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC) often shows extracranial metastasis, and treatment options are very limited. Immune-checkpoint molecules have not been studied well in SFT/HPCs, and their role in intracranial SFT/HPCs remains unclear. Methods: We investigated the expression of programmed cell death-1 (PD-1), programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1), and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) in 16 patients of intracranial SFT/HPC by immunohistochemistry to determine if correlation with prognosis exists. Results: Median overall survival (OS) of 16 patients was 9.2 years, and median follow-up of alive patients was 9.9 years. Recurrence was observed in 13 (81.3%) patients, and extracranial metastasis were observed in 6 (37.5%). PD-L1 expression was observed in all 16 tumors, whereas PD-1 expression was observed in 2. CD3 and CD8 expressions were observed in TILs in 12 and 13 patients respectively. Although the ratio of PD-L1 positive-tumor cells was not associated with OS, progression-free survival, or metastasis-free survival (MFS), diffuse staining of PD-L1 showed a trend toward shorter time to treatment failure (TTF: time to either extracranial metastasis or death) (p = 0.072). Similarly, the intense staining of PD-L1 was associated with shorter MFS (p = 0.0084) and TTF (p = 0.033). CD3 or CD8 expression was not associated with any of the prognostic parameters. In the combined analysis of PD-L1 and CD8, diffuse PD-L1 staining coupled with no or sparse CD8 expression was significantly associated with a shorter TTF (p = 0.005) and showed a trend toward shorter MFS (p = 0.0611). Conclusions: PD-L1 is frequently expressed in intracranial SFT/HPCs, and diffuse or intense PD-L1 expression might be associated with the early occurrence of extracranial metastases.
- Extracranial metastasis
- Tumor infiltrating lymphocyte
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cancer Research