Association between the -2548G/A polymorphism of the leptin gene and antipsychotic-induced weight gain: Analysis of the CATIE sample and meta-analysis

Kazunari Yoshida, Malgorzata Maciukiewicz, Clement C. Zai, Vanessa F. Gonçalves, Eva J. Brandl, Jeffrey A. Lieberman, Herbert Y. Meltzer, Arun K. Tiwari, James L. Kennedy, Daniel J. Müller

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Antipsychotics, especially most of the second-generation antipsychotics, have a high risk for metabolic syndrome and antipsychotic-induced weight gain (AIWG). A promoter variant of the leptin (LEP) gene, -2548G/A (rs7799039), has been associated with AIWG in several studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate this association in the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE) sample, followed by meta-analysis. Methods: We investigated the association between rs7799039 and AIWG in a sub-sample of European (N = 164) individuals from the CATIE study. Body mass index (BMI) change and weight gain (presence or absence) was analyzed using ANCOVA and logistic regression, respectively. For the meta-analysis, a literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO up to October 2019. The pooled odds ratio was calculated for presence or absence of weight gain (≥7% weight change) using a random effects model. Results: We did not detect an association between rs7799039 and BMI change or weight gain (presence or absence) in the CATIE sample. As for the meta-analysis, we included 12 studies. No significant associations between the LEP rs7799039 polymorphism and AIWG were observed under the allelic genetic model (allele A vs. allele G) (OR = 1.10 [0.71, 1.70], p = .68). In the subgroup analyses of first-episode schizophrenia patients, a significant association between the A-allele and weight gain was observed, respectively (OR = 2.32 [1.41, 3.82], p = .0009). Conclusions: The present meta-analysis showed no significant effect of rs7799039 on AIWG. However, this variant may influence AIWG in first-episode schizophrenia patients. Further investigation of a larger and more homogenous sample is required to elucidate the role of the LEP gene in AIWG.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109952
JournalProgress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 30


  • Antipsychotic-induced weight gain (AIWG)
  • Clinical antipsychotic trials of intervention effectiveness (CATIE)
  • Leptin
  • Meta-analysis
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Biological Psychiatry


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