Association between the peri-implant bone structure and stress distribution around the mandibular canal: A three-dimensional finite element analysis

Hideaki Kinoshita, Ken Nakahara, Satoru Matsunaga, Akinobu Usami, Masao Yoshinari, Naoki Takano, Yoshinobu Ide, Shinichi Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to elucidate the association between the bone structure at implant insertion sites and stress distribution around the mandibular canal by means of three-dimensional finite element (3D FE) analysis. Four FE models were created with slice data using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), and 3D FE analysis was performed. Mechanical analysis showed that the load reached the mandibular canal via the trabecular structure in all FE models. High levels of stress were generated around the mandibular canal when the distance between the mandibular canal and the implant decreased. High stress levels were also observed when cortical bone thickness and bone volume/total volume (BV/TV) were low. Our findings suggest that load is transmitted to the mandibular canal regardless of differences in the thickness of cortical bone or cancellous bone structure, but excessive load may be generated in bone with thin cortical and coarse cancellous structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-642
Number of pages6
JournalDental Materials Journal
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul 31

Keywords

  • Dental implant
  • Finite element analysis
  • Micro-CT
  • Trabecular bone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Dentistry(all)

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