Association of baseline plasma des-acyl ghrelin level with the response to rikkunshito in patients with functional dyspepsia

Koji Togawa, Juntaro Matsuzaki, Masao Kobayakawa, Yasushi Fukushima, Fumio Suzaki, Kunio Kasugai, Toshihiro Nishizawa, Yuji Naito, Toshihiko Hayakawa, Takeshi Kamiya, Takashi Andoh, Hideo Yoshida, Yoshifumi Tokura, Hiroshi Nagata, Mikiji Mori, Kimihiko Kato, Hiroshi Hosoda, Toru Takebayashi, Soichiro Miura, Naomi UemuraTakashi Joh, Toshifumi Hibi, Hidekazu Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)


Background and Aim: We recently conducted a randomized placebo-controlled trial on the efficacy and safety of rikkunshito, a standardized Japanese herbal medicine, for the treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD). The present post-hoc study aimed to evaluate the differences in clinical characteristics between responders and non-responders among FD patients who received rikkunshito for 8weeks. Methods: Rikkunshito responders were defined by using a global patient assessment. Candidate predictors included age, gender, smoking, alcohol consumption, body mass index, comorbidity, Helicobacter pylori infection, plasma levels of acyl ghrelin and des-acyl ghrelin, severity of dyspeptic symptoms, FD subgroup, previous medication, and the type of recruiting institution (clinic or hospital). We calculated hazard ratios (HRs) by using Cox regression analysis with the factors that were indicated to be associated with responders. Results: We assigned 83 and 42 patients to responder and non-responder categories, respectively. Lack of alcohol consumption (HR, 2.04; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-3.88) and low plasma des-acyl ghrelin levels (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-341
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 1



  • Alcohol
  • Dyspepsia
  • Ghrelin
  • Herbal medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

Cite this

Togawa, K., Matsuzaki, J., Kobayakawa, M., Fukushima, Y., Suzaki, F., Kasugai, K., Nishizawa, T., Naito, Y., Hayakawa, T., Kamiya, T., Andoh, T., Yoshida, H., Tokura, Y., Nagata, H., Mori, M., Kato, K., Hosoda, H., Takebayashi, T., Miura, S., ... Suzuki, H. (2016). Association of baseline plasma des-acyl ghrelin level with the response to rikkunshito in patients with functional dyspepsia. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia), 31(2), 334-341.