Aim: Previous studies suggest that klotho gene polymorphisms may be associated with atherosclerosis, but did not assess the relationship between klotho gene polymorphisms and atherosclerosis parameters such as carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT). Here, we studied whether klotho single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) were associated with carotid atherosclerosis. Methods: All subjects were Japanese. Eight-hundred and fifty-three patients with hypertension (465 men and 388 women) in the outpatient clinic and 1783 subjects from the general population (821 men and 962 women) attending health check-ups were analyzed in the present study. We measured mean IMT of the common carotid artery to evaluate carotid atherosclerosis. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) (rs7323281; intron1, rs5644481; exon4, rs3752472; exon3, rs650439; intron4) of klotho were selected as representative SNP in haplotype blocks. Results: Multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted by confounding factors showed a significant association of rs650439 with carotid atherosclerosis in hypertensive patients (TT vs TA vs AA, P < 0.01; TT + TA vs AA, P < 0.01). By ancova considering confounding factors, rs650439 was also significantly associated with mean IMT (TT + TA vs AA, P = 0.04) in the hypertensive population. However, there was no significant association between klotho SNP and carotid IMT in the general population. Compared to the general population, the subject group with hypertensive patients clearly had more atherosclerosis risk factors. Conclusion: Only in hypertensive patients was klotho rs650439 strongly associated with mean IMT thickening of the common carotid artery. Therefore, klotho SNP (rs650439) may influence on the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with hypertension.
- Carotid atherosclerosis
- Single nucleotide polymorphism
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Geriatrics and Gerontology