Association of common polymorphisms with gestational diabetes mellitus in Japanese women: A case-control study

Yoshifumi Kasuga, Kenichiro Hata, Atsushi Tajima, Daigo Ochiai, Yoshifumi Saisho, Tadashi Matsumoto, Naoko Arata, Kei Miyakoshi, Mamoru Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gestational diabetes (GDM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) share part of pathomechanism and several T2DM susceptibility genes are demonstrated to be associated with GDM. No information on the genetics of GDM, however, was available in Japanese women. In this study, T2DM risk variants (45 single nucleotide polymorphisms [SNPs] from 36 genes) identified in previous studies were genotyped using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry in a cohort of 171 Japanese women with GDM and 128 normal glucose tolerance (NGT) diagnosed by the new International Association of Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group criteria. Of 45 SNPs, three genetic variants were nominally associated with the development of GDM: rs266729 (p = 0.013, odds ratio [OR]: 1.56, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.10–2.23) in ADIPOQ, rs10811661 (p = 0.035, OR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.03–2.08) in CDKN2A/2B, and rs9505118 (p = 0.046, OR: 1.41, 95% CI: 1.01–1.97) in SSR1-RREB1. There was a significant difference in the number of risk alleles of three variants between women with GDM and NGT (3.79 ± 1.33 vs. 3.05 ± 1.41, p = 6.0 × 10-6). In combined analysis of three genetic variants, women with five or more risk alleles had a 7.32-fold increased risk of GDM (p = 5.6 × 10-5, 95% CI: 4.54–11.96), compared with those having no more than one risk allele. Our results suggest several risk variants of T2DM had cumulative effects on the development of GDM in Japanese women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-475
Number of pages13
JournalEndocrine Journal
Volume64
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Gestational Diabetes
Case-Control Studies
Confidence Intervals
Alleles
Odds Ratio
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Pregnancy in Diabetics
Glucose
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Genes
Mass Spectrometry
Lasers

Keywords

  • Gestational diabetes mellitus
  • Japanese women
  • Single nucleotide polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Association of common polymorphisms with gestational diabetes mellitus in Japanese women : A case-control study. / Kasuga, Yoshifumi; Hata, Kenichiro; Tajima, Atsushi; Ochiai, Daigo; Saisho, Yoshifumi; Matsumoto, Tadashi; Arata, Naoko; Miyakoshi, Kei; Tanaka, Mamoru.

In: Endocrine Journal, Vol. 64, No. 4, 2017, p. 463-475.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

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abstract = "Gestational diabetes (GDM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) share part of pathomechanism and several T2DM susceptibility genes are demonstrated to be associated with GDM. No information on the genetics of GDM, however, was available in Japanese women. In this study, T2DM risk variants (45 single nucleotide polymorphisms [SNPs] from 36 genes) identified in previous studies were genotyped using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry in a cohort of 171 Japanese women with GDM and 128 normal glucose tolerance (NGT) diagnosed by the new International Association of Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group criteria. Of 45 SNPs, three genetic variants were nominally associated with the development of GDM: rs266729 (p = 0.013, odds ratio [OR]: 1.56, 95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 1.10–2.23) in ADIPOQ, rs10811661 (p = 0.035, OR: 1.46, 95{\%} CI: 1.03–2.08) in CDKN2A/2B, and rs9505118 (p = 0.046, OR: 1.41, 95{\%} CI: 1.01–1.97) in SSR1-RREB1. There was a significant difference in the number of risk alleles of three variants between women with GDM and NGT (3.79 ± 1.33 vs. 3.05 ± 1.41, p = 6.0 × 10-6). In combined analysis of three genetic variants, women with five or more risk alleles had a 7.32-fold increased risk of GDM (p = 5.6 × 10-5, 95{\%} CI: 4.54–11.96), compared with those having no more than one risk allele. Our results suggest several risk variants of T2DM had cumulative effects on the development of GDM in Japanese women.",
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AU - Kasuga, Yoshifumi

AU - Hata, Kenichiro

AU - Tajima, Atsushi

AU - Ochiai, Daigo

AU - Saisho, Yoshifumi

AU - Matsumoto, Tadashi

AU - Arata, Naoko

AU - Miyakoshi, Kei

AU - Tanaka, Mamoru

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KW - Single nucleotide polymorphism

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