Association of preoperative sarcopenia with postoperative dysphagia in patients with thoracic esophageal cancer

Shuhei Mayanagi, Aiko Ishikawa, Kazuaki Matsui, Satoru Matsuda, Tomoyuki Irino, Rieko Nakamura, Kazumasa Fukuda, Norihito Wada, Hirofumi Kawakubo, Nanako Hijikata, Makiko Ando, Tetsuya Tsuji, Yuko Kitagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The purpose of the current study was to clarify the relationship between clinical features of dysphagia after esophagectomy and preoperative sarcopenia. Methods: A total of 187 cases were included in the current study. The psoas cross-sectional area on pre-treatment computed tomography was measured in thoracic esophageal cancer patients who underwent curative resection. The psoas muscle index (PMI) cut-off levels for sarcopenia were 6.36 cm2/m2 for men and 3.92 cm2/m2 for women. Swallowing function was evaluated using videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) and fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) at postoperative days 7-15, and classified according to the food intake level scale (FILS). Perioperative swallowing rehabilitation was performed in all cases. Results: In the 187 included patients, the median PMI was 5.42 cm2/m2 for men and 3.43 cm2/m2 for women, and 133 cases (71%) met the sarcopenia criteria. The FILS <4 (no oral intake) was 15% in the non-sarcopenia group, and 38% in the sarcopenia group (P = 0.003). There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative complications, including pneumonia and re-admission due to pneumonia, between the two groups. Preoperative sarcopenia and recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy were be independent risk factors for postoperative dysphagia. Conclusions: Sarcopenic patients with esophageal cancer develop postoperative dysphagia more often than non-sarcopenic patients. Prehabilitation and nutritional support for patients with preoperative sarcopenia could play an important role to mitigate postoperative dysphagia.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberdoaa121
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Aspiration pneumonia
  • Cachexia
  • Esophagectomy
  • Fujishima dysphagia scale
  • Sarcopenia
  • Sarcopenic dysphagia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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