Background/Aims: Promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) was originally identified as a tumor suppressor but has been recently shown to have the ability to control stem cell function in multiple tissues including malignancies. This study aimed to evaluate the biological and clinical significance of PML in multiple myeloma (MM). Methods: We knocked down PML in myeloma cells with a lentiviral vector expressing microRNA to target PML, which were used for in vitro analyses. We also evaluated the association between PML expression in the bone marrow and patients' clinical parameters. Results: The expression of IL-6 was decreased in myeloma cells with knocked-down PML expression. Immunohistochemical study showed that the PML expression level varied widely in the bone marrow of 48 MM patients, and that IL-6 expression correlated with PML expression in these patients. In addition, MM with high PML expression at diagnosis showed a poor prognosis regarding the 2-year survival, and PML and IL-6 positivity increased with the progression of disease in 13 sequentially analyzed cases. Conclusions: These results suggest that PML expression was positively associated with IL-6 expression in patients and was also related to tumor development and resistance to treatment in MM.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 Nov|
- Multiple myeloma
- Promyelocytic leukemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas