Although baseline hemoglobin and renal function are both important predictors of adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), scarce data exist regarding the combined impact of these factors on outcomes. We sought to investigate the impact and threshold value of the hemoglobin to creatinine (Hgb/Cr) ratio, on in-hospital adverse outcomes among non-dialysis patients in a Japanese nationwide registry. We analyzed 157,978 non-dialysis patients who underwent PCI in 884 Japanese medical institutions in 2017. We studied differences in baseline characteristics and in-hospital clinical outcomes among four groups according to their quartiles of the Hgb/Cr ratios. Compared with patients with higher Hgb/Cr ratios, patients with lower ratios were older and had more comorbidities and complex coronary artery disease. Patients with lower hemoglobin and higher creatinine levels had a higher rate of in-hospital adverse outcomes including in-hospital mortality and procedural complications (defined as occurrence of cardiac tamponade, cardiogenic shock after PCI, emergency operation, or bleeding complications that required blood transfusion). On multivariate analyses, Hgb/Cr ratio was inversely associated with in-hospital mortality (odds ratio: 0.91, 95% confidence interval: 0.89–0.92; p < 0.001) and bleeding complications (odds ratio: 0.92, 95% confidence interval: 0.90–0.94; p < 0.001). Spline curve analysis demonstrated that these risks started to increase when the Hgb/Cr ratio was <15, and elevated exponentially when the ratio was <10. Hgb/Cr ratio is a simple index among non-dialysis patients and is inversely associated with in-hospital mortality and bleeding complications after PCI.
- Chronic kidney disease
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
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