Astaxanthin supplementation effects on adipocyte size and lipid profile in OLETF rats with hyperphagia and visceral fat accumulation

Masaki Kimura, Mayuko Iida, Hideki Yamauchi, Masato Suzuki, Toshiaki Shibasaki, Yoshimasa Saito, Hidetsugu Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of astaxanthin supplementation on visceral adipose tissue and lipid profile in an Otsuka Long Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat model of hyperphagia and visceral fat accumulation was investigated. At 25 weeks of age, OLETF rats were assigned randomly to an obese control (OC, n = 6) or an astaxanthin supplementation (AX, n = 6) group. Long Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats were assigned to a lean control (LT, n = 6) group. The AX group was subjected to 6 weeks of dietary supplementation with 0.2% astaxanthin (2 g/kg diet powder chow food) ad libitum. After the 6-week experimental period, astaxanthin supplementation in obese rats promoted size reduction of visceral adipocytes, with a remarkable decrease in FFA and a significant increase in blood HDL-c concentrations. These results suggest that astaxanthin can at least partially ameliorate lipid profile and adipocyte abnormalities associated with obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-120
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Functional Foods
Volume11
Issue numberC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Adipocyte size
  • Astaxanthin
  • Lipid oxidation
  • Lipid profile
  • Supplementation
  • Visceral fat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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