Aste CO (3-2) mapping toward the whole optical disk of M 83: Properties of inter-arm giant molecular-cloud associations

Kazuyuki Muraoka, Kotaro Kohno, Tomoka Tosaki, Nario Kuno, Kouichiro Nakanishi, Kazuo Sorai, Tsuyoshi Sawada, Kunihiko Tanaka, Toshihiro Handa, Masayuki Fukuhara, Hajime Ezawa, Ryohei Kawabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a new on-the-fly mapping of CO (J = 3-2) line emission with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment toward the 8′ × 8′ (or 10.5 × 10.5 kpc at the distance of 4.5 Mpc) region of the nearby barred spiral galaxy M 83 at an effective resolution of 25″. Due to its very high sensitivity, our CO (J = 3 - 2) map can depict not only spiral arm structures but also spur-like substructures extended in inter-arm regions. This spur-like substructures in CO (J = 3-2) emission are well coincident with the distribution of massive star-forming regions traced by Hα luminosity and Spitzer/Infrared Array Camera 8 μm emission. We have identified 54 CO (J = 3-2) clumps as Giant Molecular-cloud Associations (GMAs) employing the CLUMPFIND algorithm, and have obtained their sizes, velocity dispersions, virial masses, and CO luminosity masses. We found that the virial parameter α, which is defined as the ratio of the virial mass to the CO luminosity mass, is almost unity for GMAs in spiral arms, whereas there exist some GMAs whose α are 3-10 in the inter-arm region. We found that GMAs with higher α tend not to be associated with massive star-forming regions, while other virialized GMAs are. Since α mainly depends on velocity dispersion of the GMA, we suppose that the onset of star formation in these unvirialized GMAs with higher α are suppressed by an increase in internal velocity dispersions of giant molecular clouds within these GMAs due to shear motion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1213-1225
Number of pages13
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume706
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1

Fingerprint

optical disks
molecular clouds
luminosity
substructures
massive stars
barred galaxies
clumps
spiral galaxies
star formation
unity
cameras
telescopes
shear
sensitivity

Keywords

  • Galaxies: individual (M 83, NGC 5236)
  • Galaxies: ISM
  • Galaxies: starburst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Aste CO (3-2) mapping toward the whole optical disk of M 83 : Properties of inter-arm giant molecular-cloud associations. / Muraoka, Kazuyuki; Kohno, Kotaro; Tosaki, Tomoka; Kuno, Nario; Nakanishi, Kouichiro; Sorai, Kazuo; Sawada, Tsuyoshi; Tanaka, Kunihiko; Handa, Toshihiro; Fukuhara, Masayuki; Ezawa, Hajime; Kawabe, Ryohei.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 706, No. 2, 01.12.2009, p. 1213-1225.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Muraoka, K, Kohno, K, Tosaki, T, Kuno, N, Nakanishi, K, Sorai, K, Sawada, T, Tanaka, K, Handa, T, Fukuhara, M, Ezawa, H & Kawabe, R 2009, 'Aste CO (3-2) mapping toward the whole optical disk of M 83: Properties of inter-arm giant molecular-cloud associations', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 706, no. 2, pp. 1213-1225. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/706/2/1213
Muraoka, Kazuyuki ; Kohno, Kotaro ; Tosaki, Tomoka ; Kuno, Nario ; Nakanishi, Kouichiro ; Sorai, Kazuo ; Sawada, Tsuyoshi ; Tanaka, Kunihiko ; Handa, Toshihiro ; Fukuhara, Masayuki ; Ezawa, Hajime ; Kawabe, Ryohei. / Aste CO (3-2) mapping toward the whole optical disk of M 83 : Properties of inter-arm giant molecular-cloud associations. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2009 ; Vol. 706, No. 2. pp. 1213-1225.
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T2 - Properties of inter-arm giant molecular-cloud associations

AU - Muraoka, Kazuyuki

AU - Kohno, Kotaro

AU - Tosaki, Tomoka

AU - Kuno, Nario

AU - Nakanishi, Kouichiro

AU - Sorai, Kazuo

AU - Sawada, Tsuyoshi

AU - Tanaka, Kunihiko

AU - Handa, Toshihiro

AU - Fukuhara, Masayuki

AU - Ezawa, Hajime

AU - Kawabe, Ryohei

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N2 - We present a new on-the-fly mapping of CO (J = 3-2) line emission with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment toward the 8′ × 8′ (or 10.5 × 10.5 kpc at the distance of 4.5 Mpc) region of the nearby barred spiral galaxy M 83 at an effective resolution of 25″. Due to its very high sensitivity, our CO (J = 3 - 2) map can depict not only spiral arm structures but also spur-like substructures extended in inter-arm regions. This spur-like substructures in CO (J = 3-2) emission are well coincident with the distribution of massive star-forming regions traced by Hα luminosity and Spitzer/Infrared Array Camera 8 μm emission. We have identified 54 CO (J = 3-2) clumps as Giant Molecular-cloud Associations (GMAs) employing the CLUMPFIND algorithm, and have obtained their sizes, velocity dispersions, virial masses, and CO luminosity masses. We found that the virial parameter α, which is defined as the ratio of the virial mass to the CO luminosity mass, is almost unity for GMAs in spiral arms, whereas there exist some GMAs whose α are 3-10 in the inter-arm region. We found that GMAs with higher α tend not to be associated with massive star-forming regions, while other virialized GMAs are. Since α mainly depends on velocity dispersion of the GMA, we suppose that the onset of star formation in these unvirialized GMAs with higher α are suppressed by an increase in internal velocity dispersions of giant molecular clouds within these GMAs due to shear motion.

AB - We present a new on-the-fly mapping of CO (J = 3-2) line emission with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment toward the 8′ × 8′ (or 10.5 × 10.5 kpc at the distance of 4.5 Mpc) region of the nearby barred spiral galaxy M 83 at an effective resolution of 25″. Due to its very high sensitivity, our CO (J = 3 - 2) map can depict not only spiral arm structures but also spur-like substructures extended in inter-arm regions. This spur-like substructures in CO (J = 3-2) emission are well coincident with the distribution of massive star-forming regions traced by Hα luminosity and Spitzer/Infrared Array Camera 8 μm emission. We have identified 54 CO (J = 3-2) clumps as Giant Molecular-cloud Associations (GMAs) employing the CLUMPFIND algorithm, and have obtained their sizes, velocity dispersions, virial masses, and CO luminosity masses. We found that the virial parameter α, which is defined as the ratio of the virial mass to the CO luminosity mass, is almost unity for GMAs in spiral arms, whereas there exist some GMAs whose α are 3-10 in the inter-arm region. We found that GMAs with higher α tend not to be associated with massive star-forming regions, while other virialized GMAs are. Since α mainly depends on velocity dispersion of the GMA, we suppose that the onset of star formation in these unvirialized GMAs with higher α are suppressed by an increase in internal velocity dispersions of giant molecular clouds within these GMAs due to shear motion.

KW - Galaxies: individual (M 83, NGC 5236)

KW - Galaxies: ISM

KW - Galaxies: starburst

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