Objectives: This randomized study compared uninterrupted rivaroxaban therapy with warfarin therapy as prophylaxis against catheter ablation (CA)-induced asymptomatic cerebral infarction (ACI) and identified the risk factors of rivaroxaban. Background: The reported incidence of ACI during CA for atrial fibrillation (AF) remains at 10% to 30%, and periprocedural oral anticoagulation could affect this incidence. Methods: Patients with nonvalvular AF undergoing radiofrequency CA were randomly assigned to receive either uninterrupted rivaroxaban or warfarin as periprocedural anticoagulation therapy. CA was performed after at least 1 month of adequate anticoagulation. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed within 2 weeks before and 1 day after CA to detect ACI. Results: A total 132 patients were enrolled; 127 (median: 60.0 years of age; 83.5% males; 64.6% incidence of paroxysmal AF) complied with the study protocol and were analyzed; 64 patients received rivaroxaban, and 63 patients received warfarin. The rates of CA-induced ACI in the rivaroxaban group (15.6% [10 of 64 patients]) were similar to those in the warfarin group (15.9% [10 of 63 patients]; p = 1.000). No thromboembolic events developed; no differences in major or nonmajor bleeding rates were observed between the 2 drug groups (3.1% vs. 1.6%, respectively, or 18.8% vs. 19.0%, respectively). Multiple regression analysis indicated that the presence of deep and subcortical white matter hyperintensity (p = 0.002; odds ratio [OR]: 5.323) and the frequency of cardioversions (p = 0.016; OR: 1.250) were associated with the incidence of ACI. Conclusions: No notable differences were found between the incidence of CA-induced ACI in the rivaroxaban group and that in the warfarin group in this randomized study.
- asymptomatic cerebral infarction
- atrial fibrillation
- cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)