Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a cardiovascular hormone secreted mainly by the cardiac atria and regulates the volume-pressure homeostasis. The action of ANP is mediated by its receptor, guanylyl cyclase-coupled receptor A (GC-A). In this study, we explored the possibility that ANP and GC-A may play a role in the dendritic cell (DC)-mediated immune regulation. We first examined the expression of GC-A in human monocyte-derived DCs in comparison with monocytes and found that DCs but not monocytes express GC-A at both the mRNA and protein levels. DCs responded to ANP with an increase in intracellular cGMP in a dose-dependent manner, indicating that GC-A expressed on DCs is functional. Furthermore, treatment of DCs with ANP decreased production of IL-12 and TNF-α and conversely increased that of IL-10 upon stimulation with LPS. In accordance with this change of cytokine production, DCs treated with ANP plus LPS promoted differentiation of naive CD4+ T cells into a Th2 phenotype. Finally, we presented evidence that ANP affected cytokine production of fresh whole blood stimulated with LPS in line with the above-mentioned results. These results indicate that ANP polarizes human DCs toward a Th2-promoting phenotype through GC-A and thus can regulate immune responses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy