Auditory contrast versus compensation for coarticulation: Data from japanese and english listeners

John Kingston, Shigeto Kawahara, Daniel Mash, Della Chambless

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

English listeners categorize more of a [k-t] continuum as "t" after [sh{phonetic}] than [s] (Mann & Repp, 1981). This bias could be due to compensation for coarticulation (Mann & Repp, 1981) or auditory contrast between the fricatives and the stops (Lotto & Kluender, 1998). In Japanese, surface [sh{phonetic}k, sh{phonetic}t, sk, st] clusters arise via palatalization and vowel devoicing from /sik, sit, suk, sut/, and acoustic vestiges of the devoiced vowels remain in the fricative. On the one hand, compensation for coarticulation with the devoiced vowel would cancel out compensation for coarticulation with the fricative, and listeners would not show any response bias. On the other hand, if the stop contrasts spectrally with the fricative, listeners should respond "t" more often after [sh{phonetic}i] than [su]. Experiment 1 establishes that [k] and [t] coarticulate with preceding voiced [i, u], voiceless [i, u], and [sh{phonetic}, s]. Experiment 2 shows that both Japanese and English listeners respond "t" more often after [sh{phonetic}i] than [su], as predicted by auditory contrast. English listeners' "t" responses also varied after voiced vowels, but those of Japanese listeners did not. Experiment 3 shows that this difference reflects differences in their phonetic experience.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-525
Number of pages27
JournalLanguage and Speech
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec
Externally publishedYes

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Phonetics
phonetics
listener
experiment
trend
Listeners
Coarticulation
Hearing
Acoustics
acoustics
Fricatives
Experiment

Keywords

  • auditory contrast
  • compensation for coarticulation
  • crosslinguistic comparison
  • English
  • Japanese

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Linguistics and Language
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Auditory contrast versus compensation for coarticulation : Data from japanese and english listeners. / Kingston, John; Kawahara, Shigeto; Mash, Daniel; Chambless, Della.

In: Language and Speech, Vol. 54, No. 4, 12.2011, p. 499-525.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kingston, John ; Kawahara, Shigeto ; Mash, Daniel ; Chambless, Della. / Auditory contrast versus compensation for coarticulation : Data from japanese and english listeners. In: Language and Speech. 2011 ; Vol. 54, No. 4. pp. 499-525.
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