Bacteriological and clinical evaluations of cefmenoxime in neonates and premature infants

K. Sunakawa, Y. Ishizuka, H. Akita, S. Iwata, Y. Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The antimicrobial activity of cefmenoxime (CMX) against B group Streptococcus was investigated. The clinical efficacy of CMX was determined in neonates and premature infants. The results are summarized below. 1. MIC's of CMX against 39 strains of B group Streptococcus obtained from the pregnant vagina were below 0.05 μg/ml. 2. CMX was given in dose of 20 mg/kg by intravenous bolus injection to 3 neonates with birth weight over 2,500 grams. Peak serum concentrations ranged from 54.0 to 199 μg/ml and the mean half/life was 1.8 hours. 3. Efficacies of CMX were good to excellent in 5 cases administered for treatment and in 4 cases for prophylaxis. As abnormal laboratory parameteres, elevation of GOT and eosinophilia were observed in each 2 cases. 4. Examinations on intestinal bacteria in 2 cases revealed that CMX gave as much influences to the flora as other third-generation cephems. 5. The vitamin K defficiency were observed in 2 out of 6 cases examined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2617-2626
Number of pages10
JournalJapanese Journal of Antibiotics
Volume42
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Sunakawa, K., Ishizuka, Y., Akita, H., Iwata, S., & Sato, Y. (1989). Bacteriological and clinical evaluations of cefmenoxime in neonates and premature infants. Japanese Journal of Antibiotics, 42(12), 2617-2626.