BCS-BEC crossover and effects of density fluctuations in a two-component Fermi gas described by the three-dimensional attractive Hubbard model

H. Tamaki, Y. Ohashi, K. Miyake

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Abstract

We investigate the superfluid phase transition in a gas of Fermi atoms loaded on a three-dimensional optical lattice. When the lattice potential is strong, this system can be well described by an attractive Hubbard model. In this model, we calculate the superfluid phase transition temperature Tc, including both superfluid and (spin and charge) density fluctuations within the self-consistent t -matrix theory and fluctuation exchange approximation, respectively. Since we treat these fluctuations in a consistent manner, our theory satisfies the required particle-hole symmetry over the entire BCS-Bose-Einstein-condensation (BEC) crossover region. We show that charge density fluctuations compete against superfluid fluctuations near the half-filling, leading to the suppression of Tc. As a result, the maximum Tc is obtained away from the half-filling. Since the strong density fluctuations originate from the nesting property of the Fermi surface at the half-filling (which is absent in a uniform gas with no lattice potential), our results would be useful in considering lattice effects on strong-coupling superfluidity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063616
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume77
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun 18

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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