Beneficial effects of combined administration of alendronate and alfacalcidol on cancellous bone mass of the tibia in orchidectomized rats: A bone histomorphometry study

Jun Iwamoto, Tsuyoshi Takeda, Hideo Matsumoto, Yoshihiro Sato, James K. Yeh

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Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of combined administration of alendronate (ALN) and alfacalcidol (ALF) on the cancellous and cortical bone mass of the tibia in orchidectonuzed rats. Fifty male Sprague-Dawley rats, 3 mo of age, were randomized by the stratified weight method into Ave groups: age-matched control, orchidectomy, and orchidectomy with administration of ALN (2.5 μg/kg, s.c., 5 times a week), ALF (0.05 μg/kg, p.o., 5 times a week), or ALN + ALF. The total experimental period was 12 wk. Orchidectomy reduced the cancellous bone mass of the proximal tibial metaphysis and maturation-related cortical bone gain of the tibial diaphysis as a result of increased trabecular bone resorption and decreased periosteal bone formation and also increased endocortical bone erosion and formation. ALN suppressed trabecular bone resorption and endocortical bone erosion and formation and increased periosteal bone formation, while ALF increased the number of osteoblasts and suppressed trabecular bone resorption and markedly increased periosteal and endocortical bone formation. Thus, both ALN and ALF prevented the orchidectomy-induced reduction in the cancellous bone mass and maturation-related cortical bone gain. Combined administration of ALN and ALF increased the cancellous bone mass as compared with the values observed in age-matched controls by causing more marked suppression of trabecular bone resorption. The present study showed the beneficial effects of combined administration of ALN and ALF on the cancellous bone mass of the tibia in orchidectomized rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-17
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of nutritional science and vitaminology
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb 1

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Keywords

  • Alendronate
  • Alfacalcidol
  • Orchidectomy
  • Osteopenia
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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