Between-subject variance in the magnitude of corticomuscular coherence during tonic isometric contraction of the tibialis anterior muscle in healthy young adults

Junichi Ushiyama, Tatsuya Suzuki, Yoshihisa Masakado, Kimitaka Hase, Akio Kimura, Meigen Liu, Junichi Ushiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oscillatory activity of the sensorimotor cortex has been reported to show coherence with muscle activity in the 15- to 35-Hz frequency band (β-band) during weak to moderate intensity of isometric contraction. The present study examined the variance of the magnitude of the corticomuscular coherence across a large number of subjects. We quantified the coherence between EEG over the sensorimotor cortex and rectified electromyogram (EMG) from the tibialis anterior muscle during tonic isometric contraction at 30% of maximal effort in 100 healthy young individuals. We estimated the maximal peak of EEG-EMG coherence (Cohmax) and the ratio of the sum of the autopower spectral density function within the β -band to that of all frequency ranges for both EEG (EEG β -PSD) and EMG (EMG β -PSD) signals. The frequency histogram of Cohmax across all subjects showed a broad bell-shaped continuous distribution (range, 0.048-0.816). When the coherence was thresholded at the estimated significance level of P < 0.05 (0.114), 46 out of 100 subjects showed significant EEG-EMG coherence. Cohmax occurred within the β -band in the majority of subjects who showed significant EEG-EMG coherence (n = 43). Furthermore, Cohmax showed significant positive correlations with both EEG β - PSD (r = 0.575, P < 0.001) and EMG β -PSD (r = 0.606, P < 0.001). These data suggest that even during simple tonic isometric contraction, the strength of oscillatory coupling between the sensorimotor cortex and spinal motoneurons varies among individuals and is a contributory factor determining muscle activation patterns such as the degree of grouped discharge in muscle activity within the β -band for each subject.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1379-1388
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neurophysiology
Volume106
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sep 1

Keywords

  • EEG-EMG coherence
  • Electroencephalogram
  • Electromyogram
  • β-band oscillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology

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