Bevacizumab for malignant gliomas: current indications, mechanisms of action and resistance, and markers of response

Ryota Tamura, Toshihide Tanaka, Keisuke Miyake, Kazunari Yoshida, Hikaru Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an attractive target of antiangiogenic therapy in glioblastomas. Bevacizumab (Bev), a humanized anti-VEGF antibody, is associated with the improvement of progression-free survival and performance status in patients with glioblastoma. However, randomized trials uniformly suggest that these favorable clinical effects of Bev do not translate into an overall survival benefit. The mechanisms of action of Bev appear to include the inhibition of tumor angiogenesis, as well as indirect effects such as the depletion of niches for glioma stem cells and stimulation of antitumor immunity. Although several molecules/pathways have been reported to mediate adaptation and resistance to Bev, including the activation of alternative pro-angiogenic pathways, the resistance mechanisms have not been fully elucidated; for example, the mechanism that reinduces tumor hypoxia remains unclarified. The identification of imaging characteristics or biomarkers predicting the response to Bev, as well as the better understanding of the mechanisms of action and resistance, is crucial to improve the overall clinical outcome and optimize individual therapy. In this article, the authors review the results of important clinical trials/studies, the current understanding of the mechanisms of action and resistance, and the knowledge of imaging characteristics and biomarkers predicting the response to Bev.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-77
Number of pages16
JournalBrain tumor pathology
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Bevacizumab
  • Glioblastoma
  • Glioma stem cell
  • Hypoxia
  • Immunotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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