Biogeochemical control on fluorescent dissolved organic matter dynamics in a large freshwater lake (Lake Biwa, Japan)

Shoji D. Thottathil, Kazuhide Hayakawa, Yoshikuni Hodoki, Chikage Yoshimizu, Yuki Kobayashi, Shin Ichi Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dynamics of fluorescent dissolved organic matter (FDOM) in the large monomictic freshwater Lake Biwa (surface area 675 km2, maximum depth 104 m) was studied from December 2010 to December 2011. The protein-like FDOM (FDOMT) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) showed epilimnetic accumulation (FDOMT from 4.42 ± 0.22 quinine sulfate units [QSU] to 6.30 ± 0.04 QSU; DOC from 80.8 ± 2.7 μmol L-1 to 102.7 ± 3.5 μmol L-1) between nutrient-replete winter mixing to nutrient-depleted stratified periods. This accumulation is attributed to the reduced heterotrophic activity following severe P-limitation. The positive correlation between accumulated DOC and FDOMT in the epilimnion and their uniform reduction in the hypolimnion (~ 9%) suggest FDOMT as a proxy for semi-labile DOM. The humic-like FDOM (FDOMM) generally increased with depth, a pattern similar to nutrients and total carbon dioxide (TCO2), but adverse to dissolved oxygen. The significant positive correlations of FDOMM with apparent oxygen utilization (r = 0.86, p < 0.001), TCO2 (r = 0.91, p < 0.001), nitrate (r = 0.83, p < 0.001), and phosphate (r = 0.76, p < 0.001) in the deeper layers suggest that FDOMM is formed during hypolimnetic mineralization. We estimated that ~ 8% of the organic carbon degraded in the hypolimnion is transferred into humic substances. The minor contribution of DOC (6.4%) to hypolimnetic mineralization suggests that production of humic substances is mainly fueled by the mineralization of sinking biogenic particles. The production and consumption of FDOM in freshwater lakes may influence the quality and bioavailability of carbon exported from these systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2262-2278
Number of pages17
JournalLimnology and Oceanography
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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dissolved organic matter
dissolved organic carbon
quinine
Japan
lakes
mineralization
hypolimnion
humic substances
lake
humic substance
nutrient
sulfates
nutrients
sulfate
epilimnion
carbon
bioavailability
dissolved oxygen
surface area
carbon dioxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

Biogeochemical control on fluorescent dissolved organic matter dynamics in a large freshwater lake (Lake Biwa, Japan). / Thottathil, Shoji D.; Hayakawa, Kazuhide; Hodoki, Yoshikuni; Yoshimizu, Chikage; Kobayashi, Yuki; Nakano, Shin Ichi.

In: Limnology and Oceanography, Vol. 58, No. 6, 2013, p. 2262-2278.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Thottathil, SD, Hayakawa, K, Hodoki, Y, Yoshimizu, C, Kobayashi, Y & Nakano, SI 2013, 'Biogeochemical control on fluorescent dissolved organic matter dynamics in a large freshwater lake (Lake Biwa, Japan)', Limnology and Oceanography, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 2262-2278. https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2013.58.6.2262
Thottathil, Shoji D. ; Hayakawa, Kazuhide ; Hodoki, Yoshikuni ; Yoshimizu, Chikage ; Kobayashi, Yuki ; Nakano, Shin Ichi. / Biogeochemical control on fluorescent dissolved organic matter dynamics in a large freshwater lake (Lake Biwa, Japan). In: Limnology and Oceanography. 2013 ; Vol. 58, No. 6. pp. 2262-2278.
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AB - The dynamics of fluorescent dissolved organic matter (FDOM) in the large monomictic freshwater Lake Biwa (surface area 675 km2, maximum depth 104 m) was studied from December 2010 to December 2011. The protein-like FDOM (FDOMT) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) showed epilimnetic accumulation (FDOMT from 4.42 ± 0.22 quinine sulfate units [QSU] to 6.30 ± 0.04 QSU; DOC from 80.8 ± 2.7 μmol L-1 to 102.7 ± 3.5 μmol L-1) between nutrient-replete winter mixing to nutrient-depleted stratified periods. This accumulation is attributed to the reduced heterotrophic activity following severe P-limitation. The positive correlation between accumulated DOC and FDOMT in the epilimnion and their uniform reduction in the hypolimnion (~ 9%) suggest FDOMT as a proxy for semi-labile DOM. The humic-like FDOM (FDOMM) generally increased with depth, a pattern similar to nutrients and total carbon dioxide (TCO2), but adverse to dissolved oxygen. The significant positive correlations of FDOMM with apparent oxygen utilization (r = 0.86, p < 0.001), TCO2 (r = 0.91, p < 0.001), nitrate (r = 0.83, p < 0.001), and phosphate (r = 0.76, p < 0.001) in the deeper layers suggest that FDOMM is formed during hypolimnetic mineralization. We estimated that ~ 8% of the organic carbon degraded in the hypolimnion is transferred into humic substances. The minor contribution of DOC (6.4%) to hypolimnetic mineralization suggests that production of humic substances is mainly fueled by the mineralization of sinking biogenic particles. The production and consumption of FDOM in freshwater lakes may influence the quality and bioavailability of carbon exported from these systems.

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