Biomechanical Analysis of the Development of Human Bipedal Walking by a Neuro-Musculo-Skeletal Model

Nobutoshi Yamazaki, Kazunori Hase, Naomichi Ogihara, Noriyuki Hayamizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new computer simulation method, using a neuro-musculo-skeletal model, is used to clarify the process of acquisition of erect bipedal walking during human ontogeny. Walking was autonomously generated as a dynamic interaction called 'mutual entrainment' between the neural oscillation and the pendular movement of differently proportioned bodies. Walking patterns of humans with 8 different sets of alternative body proportions, varying from those of 8-month-old children to those of 22 years old adults, were simulated. The development of bipedal walking is characterized as the change from a forced oscillation controlled by the nervous system to the natural oscillation of pendular motion, determined by body proportions. Body proportions are the fundamental factor in the development of bipedal walking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-271
Number of pages19
JournalFolia Primatologica
Volume66
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Oct

Fingerprint

human development
walking
oscillation
nervous system
ontogeny
computer simulation
entrainment
analysis

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Biomechanics
  • Bipedal walking
  • Computer simulation
  • Neuro-musculo-skeletal model
  • Ontogeny
  • Self-organization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Yamazaki, N., Hase, K., Ogihara, N., & Hayamizu, N. (1996). Biomechanical Analysis of the Development of Human Bipedal Walking by a Neuro-Musculo-Skeletal Model. Folia Primatologica, 66(1-4), 253-271.

Biomechanical Analysis of the Development of Human Bipedal Walking by a Neuro-Musculo-Skeletal Model. / Yamazaki, Nobutoshi; Hase, Kazunori; Ogihara, Naomichi; Hayamizu, Noriyuki.

In: Folia Primatologica, Vol. 66, No. 1-4, 10.1996, p. 253-271.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yamazaki, N, Hase, K, Ogihara, N & Hayamizu, N 1996, 'Biomechanical Analysis of the Development of Human Bipedal Walking by a Neuro-Musculo-Skeletal Model', Folia Primatologica, vol. 66, no. 1-4, pp. 253-271.
Yamazaki, Nobutoshi ; Hase, Kazunori ; Ogihara, Naomichi ; Hayamizu, Noriyuki. / Biomechanical Analysis of the Development of Human Bipedal Walking by a Neuro-Musculo-Skeletal Model. In: Folia Primatologica. 1996 ; Vol. 66, No. 1-4. pp. 253-271.
@article{a17116ee8ba948b5a91f1b680ed5c80d,
title = "Biomechanical Analysis of the Development of Human Bipedal Walking by a Neuro-Musculo-Skeletal Model",
abstract = "A new computer simulation method, using a neuro-musculo-skeletal model, is used to clarify the process of acquisition of erect bipedal walking during human ontogeny. Walking was autonomously generated as a dynamic interaction called 'mutual entrainment' between the neural oscillation and the pendular movement of differently proportioned bodies. Walking patterns of humans with 8 different sets of alternative body proportions, varying from those of 8-month-old children to those of 22 years old adults, were simulated. The development of bipedal walking is characterized as the change from a forced oscillation controlled by the nervous system to the natural oscillation of pendular motion, determined by body proportions. Body proportions are the fundamental factor in the development of bipedal walking.",
keywords = "Adaptation, Biomechanics, Bipedal walking, Computer simulation, Neuro-musculo-skeletal model, Ontogeny, Self-organization",
author = "Nobutoshi Yamazaki and Kazunori Hase and Naomichi Ogihara and Noriyuki Hayamizu",
year = "1996",
month = "10",
language = "English",
volume = "66",
pages = "253--271",
journal = "Folia Primatologica",
issn = "0015-5713",
publisher = "S. Karger AG",
number = "1-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biomechanical Analysis of the Development of Human Bipedal Walking by a Neuro-Musculo-Skeletal Model

AU - Yamazaki, Nobutoshi

AU - Hase, Kazunori

AU - Ogihara, Naomichi

AU - Hayamizu, Noriyuki

PY - 1996/10

Y1 - 1996/10

N2 - A new computer simulation method, using a neuro-musculo-skeletal model, is used to clarify the process of acquisition of erect bipedal walking during human ontogeny. Walking was autonomously generated as a dynamic interaction called 'mutual entrainment' between the neural oscillation and the pendular movement of differently proportioned bodies. Walking patterns of humans with 8 different sets of alternative body proportions, varying from those of 8-month-old children to those of 22 years old adults, were simulated. The development of bipedal walking is characterized as the change from a forced oscillation controlled by the nervous system to the natural oscillation of pendular motion, determined by body proportions. Body proportions are the fundamental factor in the development of bipedal walking.

AB - A new computer simulation method, using a neuro-musculo-skeletal model, is used to clarify the process of acquisition of erect bipedal walking during human ontogeny. Walking was autonomously generated as a dynamic interaction called 'mutual entrainment' between the neural oscillation and the pendular movement of differently proportioned bodies. Walking patterns of humans with 8 different sets of alternative body proportions, varying from those of 8-month-old children to those of 22 years old adults, were simulated. The development of bipedal walking is characterized as the change from a forced oscillation controlled by the nervous system to the natural oscillation of pendular motion, determined by body proportions. Body proportions are the fundamental factor in the development of bipedal walking.

KW - Adaptation

KW - Biomechanics

KW - Bipedal walking

KW - Computer simulation

KW - Neuro-musculo-skeletal model

KW - Ontogeny

KW - Self-organization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=2742540995&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=2742540995&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8953764

AN - SCOPUS:2742540995

VL - 66

SP - 253

EP - 271

JO - Folia Primatologica

JF - Folia Primatologica

SN - 0015-5713

IS - 1-4

ER -