(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3–SrTiO3 solid-solution ceramics for high-temperature capacitor applications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The relaxor state of (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 exhibits promising dielectric properties for high-temperature capacitor applications, but the spontaneous phase transition into the low-temperature ferroelectric state and the excessively high dielectric maximum temperature (Tm) at around 360 °C are the main drawback to this material. In this study we examined solid solutions of (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 with SrTiO3 to improve the temperature stability of the dielectric properties. As precursors to fabricate the sold-solution ceramics, fine powders of (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 and SrTiO3 were both synthesized by the hydrothermal method. Dense (1 − x)(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3–xSrTiO3 ceramics with x up to 0.5 were then obtained by reaction sintering of the powders. A crystal structure analysis revealed that the average symmetry of the solid-solution ceramics changes from tetragonal to cubic with increasing the SrTiO3 content. Dielectric measurements showed that the incorporation of SrTiO3 into (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 stabilizes the relaxor state to shift Tm largely toward lower temperatures. As a result, the sample with x = 0.5 exhibited a temperature-stable dielectric permittivity of 1700 ± 15% over a wide temperature range from room temperature up to 260 °C. The electric-field and temperature dependences of the energy-storage properties of the sample were also investigated.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCeramics International
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020 Jan 1

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Solid solutions
Capacitors
Temperature
Dielectric properties
Powders
Crystal symmetry
Energy storage
Ferroelectric materials
Permittivity
Sintering
Crystal structure
Phase transitions
Electric fields
strontium titanium oxide

Keywords

  • Capacitors
  • Dielectric properties
  • Lead-free relaxors
  • Powders: chemical preparation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3–SrTiO3 solid-solution ceramics for high-temperature capacitor applications",
abstract = "The relaxor state of (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 exhibits promising dielectric properties for high-temperature capacitor applications, but the spontaneous phase transition into the low-temperature ferroelectric state and the excessively high dielectric maximum temperature (Tm) at around 360 °C are the main drawback to this material. In this study we examined solid solutions of (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 with SrTiO3 to improve the temperature stability of the dielectric properties. As precursors to fabricate the sold-solution ceramics, fine powders of (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 and SrTiO3 were both synthesized by the hydrothermal method. Dense (1 − x)(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3–xSrTiO3 ceramics with x up to 0.5 were then obtained by reaction sintering of the powders. A crystal structure analysis revealed that the average symmetry of the solid-solution ceramics changes from tetragonal to cubic with increasing the SrTiO3 content. Dielectric measurements showed that the incorporation of SrTiO3 into (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 stabilizes the relaxor state to shift Tm largely toward lower temperatures. As a result, the sample with x = 0.5 exhibited a temperature-stable dielectric permittivity of 1700 ± 15{\%} over a wide temperature range from room temperature up to 260 °C. The electric-field and temperature dependences of the energy-storage properties of the sample were also investigated.",
keywords = "Capacitors, Dielectric properties, Lead-free relaxors, Powders: chemical preparation",
author = "Minami Shiga and Manabu Hagiwara and Shinobu Fujihara",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.01.016",
language = "English",
journal = "Ceramics International",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3–SrTiO3 solid-solution ceramics for high-temperature capacitor applications

AU - Shiga, Minami

AU - Hagiwara, Manabu

AU - Fujihara, Shinobu

PY - 2020/1/1

Y1 - 2020/1/1

N2 - The relaxor state of (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 exhibits promising dielectric properties for high-temperature capacitor applications, but the spontaneous phase transition into the low-temperature ferroelectric state and the excessively high dielectric maximum temperature (Tm) at around 360 °C are the main drawback to this material. In this study we examined solid solutions of (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 with SrTiO3 to improve the temperature stability of the dielectric properties. As precursors to fabricate the sold-solution ceramics, fine powders of (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 and SrTiO3 were both synthesized by the hydrothermal method. Dense (1 − x)(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3–xSrTiO3 ceramics with x up to 0.5 were then obtained by reaction sintering of the powders. A crystal structure analysis revealed that the average symmetry of the solid-solution ceramics changes from tetragonal to cubic with increasing the SrTiO3 content. Dielectric measurements showed that the incorporation of SrTiO3 into (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 stabilizes the relaxor state to shift Tm largely toward lower temperatures. As a result, the sample with x = 0.5 exhibited a temperature-stable dielectric permittivity of 1700 ± 15% over a wide temperature range from room temperature up to 260 °C. The electric-field and temperature dependences of the energy-storage properties of the sample were also investigated.

AB - The relaxor state of (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 exhibits promising dielectric properties for high-temperature capacitor applications, but the spontaneous phase transition into the low-temperature ferroelectric state and the excessively high dielectric maximum temperature (Tm) at around 360 °C are the main drawback to this material. In this study we examined solid solutions of (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 with SrTiO3 to improve the temperature stability of the dielectric properties. As precursors to fabricate the sold-solution ceramics, fine powders of (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 and SrTiO3 were both synthesized by the hydrothermal method. Dense (1 − x)(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3–xSrTiO3 ceramics with x up to 0.5 were then obtained by reaction sintering of the powders. A crystal structure analysis revealed that the average symmetry of the solid-solution ceramics changes from tetragonal to cubic with increasing the SrTiO3 content. Dielectric measurements showed that the incorporation of SrTiO3 into (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 stabilizes the relaxor state to shift Tm largely toward lower temperatures. As a result, the sample with x = 0.5 exhibited a temperature-stable dielectric permittivity of 1700 ± 15% over a wide temperature range from room temperature up to 260 °C. The electric-field and temperature dependences of the energy-storage properties of the sample were also investigated.

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